Flag of Switzerland

Flag of Switzerland

The roots of the Swiss square flag with the traditional white isosceles cross on a red background date back to the Middle Ages. At that time, Switzerland was a part of the Holy Roman Empire and thus the cross symbolizes Christianity and red color refers to the blood of Christian martyrs. In the 13th century, several Swiss administrative units had joined together and then succeeded in gaining independence from the Holy Roman Empire. Therefore, the flag may evoke independence and democracy. As Switzerland is known for its long term political neutrality, the flag may also symbolize peace and a safe asylum. An interesting fact is that the exact dimensions of the cross or shade of red are not predetermined, so the versions of the flag may slightly differ.

Neighbouring countries

Flag Country Capital Population Total area
Flag of Austria Austria Vienna 8,504,850 83,858 km2
Flag of France France Paris 65,844,000 551,500 km2
Flag of Germany Germany Berlin 80,619,000 357,022 km2
Flag of Italy Italy Rome 59,943,933 301,318 km2
Flag of Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Vaduz 37,132 160 km2

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Flag of Switzerland

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Flag of Switzerland

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Main information

Country
Switzerland
Capital city
Bern
Population
8,112,200 (2013)
Total area
41,284 km2
Formation
1. 8. 1291
Highest point
Dufourspitze (Pointe Dufour) (4,634 m)
GDP
$ 44,864 (IMF, 2012)
Currency
swiss franc (CHF)
Code
CH (CHE)
Calling code
+41
Internet TLD
.ch

Country is member of

By continents
Europe

Name of country in other languages

Czech
Švýcarsko (Bern)
English
Switzerland (Bern)
German
Schweiz (Confoederatio Helvetica) (Bern)
French
Suisse (Berne)
Italian
Svizzera (Berna)
Spanish
Suiza (Berna)
Russian
Швейцария (Берн)
Slovak
Švajčiarsko (Bern)
Polish
Szwajcaria (Berno)
Portuguese
Suíça (Bern)
Chinese
瑞士 (伯尔尼)
Japanese
スイス (ベルン州)
Turkish
İsviçre (Bern)
Norwegian
Sveits (Bern)
Swedish
Schweiz (Bern)
Hungarian
Svájc (Bern)
Dutch
Zwitserland (Bern)
Danish
Schweiz (Bern)
Finnish
Sveitsi (Bern)
Hebrew
שווייץ (ברן)

Where the country is