Flag of Greece

Flag of Greece

The Greek flag originated during the uprising against the Turks in 1821, when a blue flag with a white cross was raised in order to oppose the Ottoman crescent. The flag in its present form was adopted in 1822. The cross was moved to the top left part of the flag and white and blue stripes were added. Nine striped should probably remind nine syllables of a revolutionary slogan "Eleftheria i Thanatos" ("Freedom or Death"). Blue symbolizes the sea, whose beauty inspired the idea of revolt. White stands for purity of revolutionists´ intentions and cross refers to the respect to the Orthodox Church, which helped to maintain national identity in times of occupation. The shade of blue was changed many times, yet the flag can be called "Galanolefci" (blue and white in translation).

Neighbouring countries

Flag Country Capital Population Total area
Flag of Albania Albania Tirana 2,821,977 28,748 km2
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria Sofia 7,282,041 110,912 km2
Flag of Macedonia Macedonia Skopje 2,062,294 25,713 km2
Flag of Turkey Turkey Ankara 76,667,864 783,562 km2

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Flag of Greece

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Flag of Greece

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Main information

Country
Greece
Capital city
Athens
Population
10,815,197 (2011)
Total area
131,957 km2
Formation
1. 1. 1829
Highest point
Mount Olympus (2,919 m)
GDP
$ 24,260 (IMF, 2012)
Currency
euro (EUR)
Code
GR (GRC)
Calling code
+30
Internet TLD
.gr

Country is member of

By continents
Europe
By organizations
European Union, NATO

Name of country in other languages

Czech
Řecko (Atény)
English
Greece (Athens)
German
Griechenland (Athen)
French
Grèce (Athènes)
Italian
Grecia (Atene)
Spanish
Grecia (Atenas)
Russian
Греция (Афины)
Slovak
Grécko (Atény)
Polish
Grecja (Ateny)
Portuguese
Grécia (Atenas)
Chinese
希腊 (雅典)
Japanese
ギリシャ (アテネ)
Turkish
Yunanistan (Atina)
Norwegian
Hellas (Aten)
Swedish
Grekland (Aten)
Hungarian
Görögország (Athén)
Dutch
Griekenland (Athene)
Danish
Grækenland (Athen)
Finnish
Kreikka (Ateena)
Hebrew
יוון (אתונה)

Where the country is