Flag of Turkey

Flag of Turkey

Turkish flag consists of a red leaf with a symbol of white crescent and a five-pointed star that are located in the left part of the flag. The symbolism of all these elements has its roots in ancient history. The red color was used by the Ottoman Empire, whose origins date back to the 13th century. Crescent and star are ancient symbols of Islam, however it appeared in Turkey even before Islam. Crescent has been on the flag since the 16th century and it is a symbol of the goddess Diana, guardian of the city Byzancion. The star, originally eight-pointed, has been on the flag since 1793 and is associated with the Virgin Mary, whom Constantinople (later Istanbul) was consecrated. Allegedly, these symbols were chosen by Sultan Murad II., when he saw the moon and stars in a puddle of blood during the Battle of Kosovo in 1448.

Neighbouring countries

Flag Country Capital Population Total area
Flag of Armenia Armenia Yerevan 3,017,400 29,800 km2
Flag of Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Baku 9,477,100 86,600 km2
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria Sofia 7,282,041 110,912 km2
Flag of Georgia Georgia Tbilisi 4,483,800 69,700 km2
Flag of Greece Greece Athens 10,815,197 131,957 km2
Flag of Iran Iran Tehran 77,288,000 1,648,200 km2
Flag of Iraq Iraq Baghdad 34,035,000 438,317 km2
Flag of Syria Syria Damascus 21,898,000 185,180 km2

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Flag of Turkey

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Flag of Turkey

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Main information

Country
Turkey
Capital city
Ankara
Population
76,667,864 (2013)
Total area
783,562 km2
Formation
29. 10. 1923
Highest point
Mount Ararat (5,137 m)
GDP
$ 14,812 (IMF, 2012)
Currency
turkish new lira (TRY)
Code
TR (TUR)
Calling code
+90
Internet TLD
.tr

Country is member of

By continents
Asia, Europe
By organizations
NATO

Name of country in other languages

Czech
Turecko (Ankara)
English
Turkey (Ankara)
German
Türkei (Ankara)
French
Turquie (Ankara)
Italian
Turchia (Ankara)
Spanish
Turquía (Ankara)
Russian
Турция (Анкара)
Slovak
Turecko (Ankara)
Polish
Turcja (Ankara)
Portuguese
Turquia (Ancara)
Chinese
土耳其 (安卡拉)
Japanese
トルコ (アンカラ)
Turkish
Türkiye (Ankara)
Norwegian
Tyrkia (Ankara)
Swedish
Turkiet (Ankara)
Hungarian
Törökország (Ankara)
Dutch
Turkije (Ankara)
Danish
Tyrkiet (Ankara)
Finnish
Turkki (Ankara)
Hebrew
טורקיה (אנקרה)

Where the country is