Flag of Egypt

Flag of Egypt

The Egyptian flag consists of three horizontal stripes - red, white, and black one. In the middle of the white stripe, so called Saladin´s eagle is placed. It is a national symbol of Egypt and it refers to Arabic identity and independence. Saladin has become the Egyptian national hero when he managed to defeat the Crusaders and regain the city of Jerusalem in the 12th century. The eagle stares toward the left side of the flag and he holds a shield composed of three parts on his chest where two are black and one is yellow. The panel beneath the eagle bears an inscription "al-gumhuríja Misr al-Arabiya", which means the “Arab Republic of Egypt”. Interpretation of the tricolor is as follows: red refers to bloodshed in numerous wars, white to abolition of the monarchy and black should commemorate the monarchy and the period of British colonialism.

Country information

Independent Yes
Country codes EG, EGY (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Arab Republic of Egypt
Capital city Cairo
Continent Africa, Asia
Member of United Nations, African Union, Arab League, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Population 100 052 943 (2020)
Total area 1 002 450 km2
Highest point Mount Catherine (2 629 m, 8 625 ft)
Lowest point Qattara Depression (-133 m, -436 ft)
GDP per capita $ 2 549 (World Bank, 2018)
Currency Egyptian pound (E£, EGP)
Calling code +20
Internet TLD .eg, .مصر

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