Flag of Ghana

Flag of Ghana

Ghana was the first African state that chose to use traditional Pan-African colors (red, yellow, and green) on its flag. It happened in 1957, when Ghana gained independent from Great Britain. The colors of the tricolor were inspired by the national colors of Ethiopia, which, as the first independent state, was a symbol of the struggle for freedom. Thus, the flag is composed of three horizontal stripes and black five-pointed star in the middle of the central yellow stripe. Allegedly, the star should refer to the shipping company Black Star Line, whose mission was to return the black population to its home continent. The red stripe recalls the blood shed during the struggle for freedom, the yellow stripe refers to the mineral wealth of the country, and the green one indicates the local lush forests and freedom.

Country information

Independent Yes
Country codes GH, GHA (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of Ghana
Capital city Accra
Continent Africa
Member of United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations, African Union
Population 30 280 811 (2019)
Total area 238 533 km2
Highest point Mount Afadjato (880 m, 2 887 ft)
Lowest point Gulf of Guinea
GDP per capita $ 2 202 (World Bank, 2018)
Currency Ghanaian cedi (₵, GHS)
Calling code +233
Internet TLD .gh

Neighboring countries

Country location