Flag of India 🇮🇳

Flag of India

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The flag of India 🇮🇳 consists of three horizontal stripes - saffron orange, white, and green. The symbolism of colors is as follows: orange represents Hinduism, courage and sacrifice, green faith and Islam, and white symbolizes commitment to peaceful coexistence of both religions. In the center of the white stripe, a motif of blue sun with torches - an ancient symbol of Brahmanism and god Vishnu, is placed. This motif has appeared in the 3rd century BC., but it has not appeared on the flag until 1947, when India gained independence from Britain, and when the former colony was divided into Hindu India and Muslim Pakistan. The symbol of wheel replaced Gandhi spinning wheel, which symbolized India's economic self-sufficiency.

Country information

Independent Yes
Country codes IN, IND (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of India
Capital city New Delhi
Continent Asia
Member of United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations
Population 1 359 072 550 (2020)
Total area 3 287 260 km2
Highest point Kangchenjunga (8 586 m, 28 169 ft)
Lowest point Kuttanad (-2 m, -7 ft)
GDP per capita $ 2 010 (World Bank, 2018)
Currency Indian rupee (₹, INR)
Calling code +91
Internet TLD .in

Neighboring countries

Country location