Flag of Ireland

Flag of Ireland

The Irish tricolor is composed of green, white and orange vertical stripe. Green color refers to the color of the emerald island and its Catholic part, orange points to the Protestant community and it is also a color of the Orange-Nassau family. The white stripe represents the efforts to unify these religious groups and to live in peace. The flag appeared in 1848 when it was used by the organization "Young Ireland movement", which strived to oppose the British rule. It had become more popular after 1916 when Irish republicans declared independence and it was accepted as the national flag in 1920. Moreover, the flag refers by its design to the French tricolor, which is perceived as a symbol of independence and freedom.

Country information

Independent Yes
Country codes IE, IRL (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of Ireland
Capital city Dublin
Continent Europe
Member of United Nations, European Union
Population 4 921 500 (2019)
Total area 70 273 km2
Highest point Carrauntoohil (1 038 m, 3 406 ft)
Lowest point North Slob (-3 m, -10 ft)
GDP per capita $ 78 806 (World Bank, 2018)
Currency Euro (€, EUR)
Calling code +353
Internet TLD .ie

Neighboring countries

Country location