Flag of Japan 🇯🇵

Flag of Japan

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Japan 🇯🇵, or "Land of the rising sun", can feel proud of its flag, whose symbolism could be tracked back by several millennia. The red circle on a white background indicates a rising sun disc - so called Hinomaru in Japanese. The cult of sun enjoyed great attention there, Japanese emperors were said to be the descendants of a sun goddess Amaterasu. This symbol was drawn by samurais on ornamental fans called "gunsen" in the twelfth century already. In the 15th and 16th century, the symbol was used as a military insignia and it was displayed on military standards. When Japanese abandoned its policy of isolation in 1870 and began to make contact with other countries, they decided to use this ancient symbol as the central theme of its national flag.

Country information

Independent Yes
Country codes JP, JPN (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Japan
Capital city Tokyo
Continent Asia
Member of United Nations
Population 126,010,000 (2020)
Total area 377,975 km2
Highest point Mount Fuji on Honshu (3,776 m, 12,388 ft)
Lowest point Hachiro-gata on Honshu (-4 m, -13 ft)
GDP per capita $ 39,290 (World Bank, 2018)
Currency Japanese yen (¥, JPY)
Calling code +81
Internet TLD .jp, .みんな

Country location