🇨🇭 Flag of Switzerland

Flag of Switzerland

The roots of the Swiss square flag with the traditional white isosceles cross on a red background date back to the Middle Ages. At that time, Switzerland was a part of the Holy Roman Empire and thus the cross symbolizes Christianity and red color refers to the blood of Christian martyrs. In the 13th century, several Swiss administrative units had joined together and then succeeded in gaining independence from the Holy Roman Empire. Therefore, the flag may evoke independence and democracy. As Switzerland is known for its long term political neutrality, the flag may also symbolize peace and a safe asylum. An interesting fact is that the exact dimensions of the cross or shade of red are not predetermined, so the versions of the flag may slightly differ.

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Flag of Switzerland

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Flag of Switzerland

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Main information

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Country Switzerland
Capital city Bern
Continent Europe
Population 8,112,200 (2013)
Total area 41,284 km2
Formation 1. 8. 1291
Highest point Dufourspitze (Pointe Dufour) (4,634 m)
GDP $ 44,864 (IMF, 2012)
Currency swiss franc (CHF)
Code CH (CHE)
Calling code +41
Internet TLD .ch

Flags of neighboring countries

Where the country is

Name of country in other languages

Czech Švýcarsko (Bern)
English Switzerland (Bern)
German Schweiz (Confoederatio Helvetica) (Bern)
French Suisse (Berne)
Italian Svizzera (Berna)
Spanish Suiza (Berna)
Russian Швейцария (Берн)
Slovak Švajčiarsko (Bern)
Polish Szwajcaria (Berno)
Portuguese Suíça (Bern)
Chinese 瑞士 (伯尔尼)
Japanese スイス (ベルン州)
Turkish İsviçre (Bern)
Norwegian Sveits (Bern)
Swedish Schweiz (Bern)
Hungarian Svájc (Bern)
Dutch Zwitserland (Bern)
Danish Schweiz (Bern)
Finnish Sveitsi (Bern)
Hebrew שווייץ (ברן)