Flag of Switzerland

Flag of Switzerland

The roots of the Swiss square flag with the traditional white isosceles cross on a red background date back to the Middle Ages. At that time, Switzerland was a part of the Holy Roman Empire and thus the cross symbolizes Christianity and red color refers to the blood of Christian martyrs. In the 13th century, several Swiss administrative units had joined together and then succeeded in gaining independence from the Holy Roman Empire. Therefore, the flag may evoke independence and democracy. As Switzerland is known for its long term political neutrality, the flag may also symbolize peace and a safe asylum. An interesting fact is that the exact dimensions of the cross or shade of red are not predetermined, so the versions of the flag may slightly differ.

Country information

Independent Yes
Country codes CH, CHE (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Swiss Confederation
Capital city Bern
Continent Europe
Member of United Nations
Population 8 586 550 (2019)
Total area 41 284 km2
Highest point Dufourspitze (4 634 m, 15 203 ft)
Lowest point Lake Maggiore (193 m, 633 ft)
GDP per capita $ 82 797 (World Bank, 2018)
Currency Swiss franc (Fr, CHF)
Calling code +41
Internet TLD .ch

Neighboring countries

Country location