Flag of Philippines

Flag of Philippines

The flag of the Philippines has been adopted in 1946 when the country gained independence from the US. It was designed in the 19th century by the leader of the uprising against the Spanish domination Emilio Aguinaldo, who defeated the enemy on 28 May 1898 at the battle of Alapan. Tricolor of white, red and blue was chosen with reference to the United States used to rule the country. Thus, the flag is composed of two horizontal stripes of red, blue, and a white triangle in the left part of the flag. Three golden stars in each of the peaks of the triangle represent the three main islands of the Philippines - Mindanao, Luzon and Visayas. In the middle of the wedge, there is a golden sun with eight rays in the shape of a sword, symbolizing the first eight founding provinces. Interesting fact is that the flag can indicate a state of war if it is displayed with the red stripe on top.

Country information

Independent Yes
Country codes PH, PHL (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of the Philippines
Capital city Manila
Continent Asia
Member of United Nations, Association of Southeast Asian Nations
Population 108 323 702 (2020)
Total area 300 000 km2
Highest point Mount Apo on Mindanao (2 954 m, 9 692 ft)
Lowest point Philippine Sea, South China Sea
GDP per capita $ 3 103 (World Bank, 2018)
Currency Philippine peso (₱, PHP)
Calling code +63
Internet TLD .ph

Country location