Flag of Colombia

Flag of Colombia

The Colombian flag consists of three horizontal stripes - yellow, red, and blue one, where the yellow one is wider compared to the other stripes. The flag should express the unity of the Colombian population which has experienced many difficulties over time. Yellow color symbolizes Colombian gold, blue the Pacific Ocean bathing the Colombian shores, and the red refers to the blood shed during the struggle for freedom. Other interpretations says that yellow indicates sovereignty, blue nobility, and red bravery. After its discovery, Colombia became a Spanish colony and did not gain independence until the 19th century. The modern history could be characterized by political instability and fight against drugs in the countryside.

Country information

Independent Yes
Country codes CO, COL (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of Colombia
Capital city Bogotá
Continent South America
Member of United Nations, Organization of American States, Union of South American Nations
Population 49 395 678 (2019)
Total area 1 141 750 km2
Highest point Pico Cristóbal Colón (5 700 m, 18 701 ft)
Lowest point North Pacific Ocean, Caribbean Sea
GDP per capita $ 6 668 (World Bank, 2018)
Currency Colombian peso ($, COP)
Calling code +57
Internet TLD .co

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Country location