Flag of Peru

Flag of Peru

The flag of Peru consists of three horizontal stripes, where the side ones are red and the middle one is white. In the center of the white stripe, a shield taken from the national character that was designed before 1825 by José Georgiou Parades is placed. The shield is divided into three fields, where the first one depicts vicuna – a national animal of Peru belonging to the same family as camel does. Next to vicuna, there is a portrait of cinchona tree, from which alkaloid quinine, which is used to cure malaria, is extracted. At the bottom of the coat of arms, a horn full of coins that should point to the mineral wealth of the country is displayed.

Country information

Independent Yes
Country codes PE, PER (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of Peru
Capital city Lima
Continent South America
Member of United Nations, Organization of American States, Union of South American Nations
Population 32 131 400 (2019)
Total area 1 285 220 km2
Highest point Huascarán (6 768 m, 22 205 ft)
Lowest point Bayóvar Depression (-34 m, -112 ft)
GDP per capita $ 6 941 (World Bank, 2018)
Currency Peruvian sol (S/., PEN)
Calling code +51
Internet TLD .pe

Flags of neighboring countries

Country location