Flag of Estonia

Flag of Estonia

The flag of Estonia consists of a horizontal tricolor of cornflower blue, black, and white color. For the first time, it appeared in 1881 as a symbol of the student movement Vironia in Otepää. The blue color represents the Estonian sea, sky and lakes and sometimes it is also considered a symbol of honesty. Black should commemorate sorrows of the Estonian population but it also refers to the traditional black vest of local farmers. White indicates snow, which covers Estonian soil for a large part of the year, and it also expresses the desire for freedom. For this reason, the flag was banned by the Soviet regime between the years 1940 and 1990 and it has not been officially readopted until 1990 when Estonia became independent state.

Country information

Independent Yes
Country codes EE, EST (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of Estonia
Capital city Tallinn
Continent Europe
Member of United Nations, European Union, NATO
Population 1 328 360 (2020)
Total area 45 227 km2
Highest point Suur Munamägi (318 m, 1 043 ft)
Lowest point Baltic Sea
GDP per capita $ 23 266 (World Bank, 2018)
Currency Euro (€, EUR)
Calling code +372
Internet TLD .ee

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Country location