Flag of Russia

Flag of Russia

Russian flag is composed of three horizontal stripes of equal width. Red, blue and white are considered traditional Pan-Slavic colors and wide number of states adopted them in the 19th century since Russia was at that time the only independent Slavic state. During the rule of the Communist Party, the tricolor was replaced by the red flag with a hammer and a sickle in the upper left part of the flag. After the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, Kremlin decided to return to traditional tricolor. There are many theories explaining the symbolism of the tricolor. White can represent the aristocracy, Belarusians, God, peace, purity, or honesty; blue Ukrainians, tsar, persistence, or faith and fortitude; red can stand for Russians, people, power, or blood shed for the country.

Country information

Sovereign State Yes
Country codes RU, RUS (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Russian Federation
Capital city Moscow
Continent Asia, Europe
Member of United Nations, Collective Security Treaty Organization, Commonwealth of Independent States, Eurasian Economic Union
Population 146 780 720 (2019)
Total area 17 098 200 km2
Highest point Mount Elbrus (5 642 m, 18 510 ft)
Lowest point Caspian Sea (-28 m, -92 ft)
GDP per capita $ 11 289 (World Bank, 2018)
Currency Russian ruble (₽, RUB)
Calling code +73XX, +74XX, +75XX, +78XX, +79XX
Internet TLD .ru, .su, .рф

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