Flag of Indonesia

Flag of Indonesia

The flag of Indonesia, which is very similar to the flag of Monaco, has been adopted after gaining the independence in 1945. It consists of two horizontal stripes, where the top one is red and the bottom one is white. These colors may refer to the widely used cotton and red dye made from shells of shellfish. Another interpretation is talking about duality between heaven and earth, purity and justice, and courage and freedom. The flag appeared already around the 13th century, when a royal dynasty Majapahit ruled Indonesia. Later, it reappeared during the fights against the Dutch rule. Unofficially, the flag is called "Sang Saka Merah Putih" - "Noble red and white flag".

Country information

Independent Yes
Country codes ID, IDN (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Republic of Indonesia
Capital city Jakarta
Continent Asia, Oceania
Member of United Nations, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation
Population 266 911 900 (2019)
Total area 1 910 930 km2
Highest point Puncak Jaya (4 884 m, 16 024 ft)
Lowest point Indian Ocean, South Pacific Ocean
GDP per capita $ 3 894 (World Bank, 2018)
Currency Indonesian rupiah (Rp, IDR)
Calling code +62
Internet TLD .id

Flags of neighboring countries

Country location