Flag of Iran

Flag of Iran

The flag of Iran is composed of three horizontal stripes of green, white, and red color. Traditionally, the green stands for Islam, white stripe, which is slightly wider, represents hope and peace, and the red stripe should provide courage in battles. These colors were adopted in 1907 already, but the central motif of the flag was until 1979, when Iran became the Islamic Republic, a lion with sword looking at the rising sun. Later, the lion was replaced by a red tulip motif, which is composed of five parts, each of which represents one pillar of Islam. The boundary between the green and white stripe and the red and white stripe is made of eleven inscriptions "God is great" in kufic script.

Country information

Independent Yes
Country codes IR, IRN (ISO 3166-1)
Official name Islamic Republic of Iran
Capital city Tehran
Continent Asia
Member of United Nations, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, OPEC
Population 83 230 120 (2020)
Total area 1 648 200 km2
Highest point Damavand (5 610 m, 18 406 ft)
Lowest point Caspian Sea (-28 m, -92 ft)
Currency Iranian rial (﷼, IRR)
Calling code +98
Internet TLD .ir, ایران.

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